Psoriasis is still such a mystery especially why and how it develops. This condition can cover only a few areas of the body or large areas of the body and can be mild or severe. While there isn’t a true cure, there is so much that can be done to prevent flare-ups. Before seeking treatment whether conventional or holistic or both, it is important to understand the common types of psoriasis to help you determine the type you have and the treatment that will be required.
Types of Psoriasis
1. Plaque Psoriasis (Psoriasis Vulgaris)
This is the most common type of psoriasis (represents about 90 percent of psoriasis cases).
“Plaques” are defined as areas on the skin that are raised and there is usually a clear boundary differentiating the affected areas from healthy skin areas. These plaques in addition to being raised can be red, scaly and even itchy. They are usually oval or round in shape and can look silvery/whitish or grayish in color.
The scales in these affected areas can peel or flake with varying degrees of thickness and commonly appear on the scalp, elbows, knees and lower back although they can affect any part of the body including the genitals, soles of the feet, palms of the hand, etc.
2. Inverse Psoriasis
While inverse psoriasis (also known as Flexural Psoriasis) can start on its own, it commonly occurs in combination with plaque psoriasis.
Unlike plaque psoriasis which is scaly, inverse psoriasis is evidenced by smooth and moist patches that are salmon colored and commonly affects the areas under the breasts, the groin, armpits, the areas surrounding the anal area, etc.
This type of psoriasis can be confused with a yeast infection or other types of fungal infection and can be quite uncomfortable to suffer from because the affected areas can be tender or raw and itchy. Inverse psoriasis treatment can include the use of topical corticosteroids.
3. Guttate Psoriasis
This type of psoriasis features small, raised and scaly bumps. It is derived from the word gutta which means “droplet” in Latin.
This type of psoriasis usually begins in childhood or during the teens after a bacterial infection such as strep throat or tonsillitis. Guttate psoriasis will usually show up two to four weeks after such illnesses with these tiny bumps (papules) that are also usually red. They can spread very fast and end up covering large areas of skin over the arms, legs, the trunk, face, etc.
Guttate psoriasis treatment included the use of light therapy which has been shown to be quite effective against this type of psoriasis.
Guttate psoriasis usually clears up after the first flare-up but instead of a recurrence, it may turn into another type of psoriasis such as plaque psoriasis.
4. Erythrodermic Psoriasis
Erythrodermic psoriasis can result from a chronic type of psoriasis such as plaque psoriasis that can progress and turn into this type or it can result in people who suffer from psoriasis that is unstable. Some of the triggers include stress, illness, alcoholism, etc.
This is a severe type of psoriasis that features flare-ups that cover most, if not all areas of the skin with peeling and scaling lesions. These lesions are usually red. They can also be itchy and swollen. If the skin is raw, pus may even ooze from these areas. Large lakes of pus can be fatal.
Besides affecting the skin, the lining of the mouth, eyes and insides of the nose may also be affected.
This is a severe type of psoriasis because the sufferers usually end up quite sick and easily susceptible to skin infections and normal fluid levels in the body may be hard to maintain.
These inflamed lesions can increase the rate of blood flow (which accounts for the redness of the lesions) in these areas which can increase the heart rate which can lead to heart failure. This commonly occurs in the elderly who have a history of heart disease and suffer from this type of psoriasis.
Hospitalization may be required in very severe cases. Erythrodermic psoriasis treatment can include light therapy (phototherapy), topical therapy, medications, etc.
5. Pustular Psoriasis
This type of psoriasis affects the hands and feet (localized pustular psoriasis) or extensive areas of the body (generalized pustular psoriasis). The latter is obviously quite serious and may require hospitalization in severe cases.
Localized also known as palmoplantar pustulosis is the most common however.
This type of psoriasis is evidenced by small blister like lesions on the skin that are raised. These blister like lesions are filled with a pus that is not infectious that are surrounded by reddened skin.
Pustular psoriasis causes include stress, the aftermath of an infection, some types of medication, etc.
These are the main types of psoriasis. Having psoriasis can be a challenge and to prevent flare-ups and improve your quality of life, various treatment approaches may be required. Psoriasis Free For Life is a holistic approach treating and preventing psoriasis and has proven quite effective for many sufferers. Click here to find out more about this natural method for psoriasis treatment.